The city is bordered on the east by Rockport , and on the west by Ipswich , Essex and Manchester-by-the-Sea to the west. This is evidenced by the placement of the Town Green nearly two miles from the harbor-front. In the settlers on the opposite shore of the river split off from the First Parish community at the Green and formed "Second Parish". Because of the poor soil and rocky hills, Cape Ann was not well suited for farming on a large scale. Around the place was abandoned, and the people removed themselves to Naumkeag what is now called Salem, Massachusetts , where more fertile soil for planting was to be found. Route A begins at Route just east of the Route terminus, heading into Rockport before terminating there. Route also terminates within the city, entering from Essex and terminating just west of the Blynman Canal at Route The first company of pioneers made landing at Half Moon Beach and settled nearby, setting up fishing stages in a field in what is now Stage Fort Park. Besides the bridge over the Blynman Canal, there are only two other connections between the eastern and western halves of town, the A.
The nearest airport is the Beverly Municipal Airport , with the nearest national and international air service being at Boston's Logan International Airport. The fisherman of Gloucester did not command the Grand Banks until the midth century. The city is split in half by the Annisquam River , which flows northward through the middle of the city into Ipswich Bay. The inland part of the island became known as the "Commons", the "Common Village", or " Dogtown ". The meetinghouse is gone now, but deep in the woods on the Second Parish Road, Old Thompson road, one can still find the stone foundation and memorial altar, as well as scattered stones of the abandoned burial ground. In the settlers on the opposite shore of the river split off from the First Parish community at the Green and formed "Second Parish". The rocky moors of Gloucester remained clear for two centuries until the forest reclaimed the land in the 20th century. The Sandy Bay church founding was the last religious re-ordering of the colonial period. Gloucester lies at the eastern terminus of Route , which ends at Route A. It was one of the first English settlements in what would become the Massachusetts Bay Colony , and predates both Salem in and Boston in These dwellings were at times little more than shanties; only one was even two stories tall. By Massachusetts Bay Colony Law, any town boasting families or more had to provide a public schoolhouse. These cellar holes are still visible today along the trails throughout the inland part of Gloucester; they, and some walls, are all that remain of the village there. Besides the bridge over the Blynman Canal, there are only two other connections between the eastern and western halves of town, the A. Commerce and capitalism transformed the society, making it much more closely knit with extended families interlocking in business relationships. Because of the poor soil and rocky hills, Cape Ann was not well suited for farming on a large scale. It then re-enters Gloucester near Folly Cove, running opposite of its usual north-south orientation towards its terminus at Route This new permanent settlement focused on the Town Green area, an inlet in the marshes at a bend in the Annisquam River. Growth[ edit ] map of Gloucester The town grew, and eventually colonists lived on the opposite side of the Annisquam River. This requirement was met in , with Thomas Riggs standing as the town's first schoolmaster. The town was formally incorporated in Gloucester Harbor is divided into several smaller coves, including the Western Harbor site of the Fisherman's Memorial and the Inner Harbor home to the Gloucester fishing fleet. This, in a time of legally mandated church attendance , was a long way to walk — or row — on a Sunday morning. The meetinghouse was even disassembled and relocated to the new place of settlement. Unlike other early coastal towns in New England , development in Gloucester was not focused around the harbor as it is today, rather it was inland that people settled first. One feature of the construction of these houses was that under one side of the floor was dug a cellar hole for the keeping of food , supported by a foundation of laid-stone without mortar.
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Turner's Seafood Market - Gloucester, MA
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